Brain Links FactsheetsFor All School Professionals

Signs & Symptoms

Age Specific Patient Educational Tools:

Brain Injury in Young Children: Refer to this tool to learn more about the signs and symptoms and the effects of multiple brain injuries for children under age five. English and in Español.



Older Child's Signs & Symptoms: Refer to this tool to learn more about health problems, behavior changes, thinking difficulties, and communication changes associated with concussions, as well as when to reconsult a doctor. English and in Español.


Recognizing Concussion in People Who Communicate Without Words: English and in Español.




A Guide to Possible Changes After Brain Injury: For Young Children Ages 7 & Under





A Guide To Possible Changes After Brain Injury: For School-Aged Children & Adults:  By design, the Guide is best when distributed by rehabilitation personnel in inpatient and outpatient therapy programs and by medical personnel in trauma units, pediatrician’s offices, family practices, neurology offices, surgical offices, and other specialty offices. It is meant to be given to anyone who has sustained a diagnosed brain injury, as well as anyone who sustained a significant trauma where they may experience brain injury symptoms and downstream consequences; even if they do not show early symptoms or early symptoms seem to have cleared.  English and in Español


When Concussion Signs Are Not Going Away: Signs, symptoms and danger signs, plus what to look for over time and where/how to seek help for symptoms that aren't going away. Contact us for more information:

For Children Five and Under. English and in Español.

For School-Aged Children. English and in Español.


For Adults. English and in Español.




Symptom Tracker Track Symptoms, pain level changes, what provokes and what helps. Good information to take back to the healthcare provider.


Concussion-Brain Injury Alert & Monitoring Form For use in academic, school nurse or case manager file to serve as a reminder of the TBI. Also alerts others who may start working with the child.




Six Types of Concussion Infographic & Fact Sheet Brain Links developed a useful summary for the back of an easy to understand infographic created by ReThink Concussions at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.





Concussion Resources

TN Return to Learn/Return to Play Concussion Management Guidelines 2020These guidelines are designed for sport and non-sport related concussions. The document includes information regarding concussions/TBIs, as well as information about returning to learn and play at home, school, and the field after a concussion. In 2013, the state of Tennessee passed the Tennessee Sports Concussion Law designed to educate coaches, athletes, and families about concussions, remove athletes who appear to have a concussion, and require clearance by a licensed health care provider before returning to play.


Things to Watch For Over Time This sheet will help you learn what symptoms to keep an eye out for after a concussion.






Brain Health: How to Have a Health Brain Throughout Life:  By design provides research-based tips for creating a healthy brain, regardless of age. This guide was originally developed to help people with brain injuries recover to the fullest extent possible and to help them prevent or minimize potential negative changes as they age. However, it was quickly realized that the information in Brain Health is beneficial for everyone.  English and Español.


Resilience and the Brain





Building Blocks of Brain Development: Learn about the Building Blocks of Brain Development by the Colorado Kids with Brain Injury. The building blocks included represent typical areas of processing/learning and those that are commonly affected by brain injury.


We Can Prevent Childhood Adversity Infographic

A new CDC infographic shows the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and how preventing ACEs can help create neighborhoods and communities where every child thrives. This infographic showcases data from the CDC-Kaiser Permanente ACE Study and recent findings to address the following questions:

  • What are ACEs?
  • How common are ACEs?
  • How do ACEs affect our lives?
  • How do ACEs affect our society?
  • What can be done about ACEs?

ACEs are potentially traumatic events in childhood (0-17 years), such as neglect and experiencing or witnessing violence. However, types of early adversity can be stopped before they start.

Safe, stable, and nurturing relationships and environments have a positive impact in creating positive childhood experiences. Their benefits can last a lifetime.


CDC Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences Training Modules: We All Have A Role in Preventing ACEs. Adverse childhood experiences—commonly known as ACEs
—affect children and families across all communities.

LEARN to PREVENT ACEs: ACEs can impact kids' health and well-being. They can have long-term effects on adult health and wellness. Their consequences can affect families, communities, and even society. Thankfully, ACEs are preventable.

Take the Trainings: These trainings will help you understand, recognize, and prevent ACEs. Get the insights you need to create healthier, happier childhoods for kids today and bright futures for adults tomorrow.


CDC Online Training for Healthcare Professionals Learn Steps to Improve the Care of Your Pediatric Patients with mTBI.