Check out our new TBI Toolkit hub to access Brain Links School Nurses Toolkit:
School Nurses: If an injury is suspected (ie student just fell), recommend using the CDC's Concussion Signs and Symptoms Checklist for School Nurses.
Yearly screening: Recommend using the HELPS Brain Injury Screening Tool OR add questions to the annual health history intake forms.
Example: Circle or provide checkboxes with a space for them to explain.
Ask: Has your child had an injury? Yes No
Cause of injury: Fall Car/motor vehicle accident Sports related other
If Yes: Did your child lose consciousness or become dazed? Yes No Not sure
Please explain: __________________________________________________
The HELPS TBI screening tool was developed by M. Picard, D. Scarisbrick, R. Paluck, 9/91, International Center for the Disabled, TBI-NET, U.S. Department of Education, Rehabilitation Services Administration, Grant #H128A00022. The Helps Tool was updated by project personnel to reflect recent recommendations by the CDC on the diagnosis of TBI.
Nursing in Non-School Settings:
On intake (and possibly yearly) Brain Link's encourages using the HELPS Brain Injury Screening Tool or consider adding questions to the current intake form.
If an injury is suspected: Brain Links' Nurse's Concussion Screening Checklist. Adapted by Brain Links with permission from the CDC.
This list of resources is shared by the National Association of State Head Injury Administrators (NASHIA)
- Brain Check Survey (BCS):This parent-completed screening tool, from the Life Outcomes after Brain Injury research center within the Department of Occupational Therapy at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, is used to establish a credible history of brain injury. Check out the Brain Check Survey Scoring Tool. Read more from Life Outcomes After Brain Injury Research Program.
- SAFE Child Screening Tool Birth to 3 Years Old: Young children are at high risk for sustaining brain injuries. Data gathered using the SAFE Child Screening Tool will provide information to help professionals develop and implement appropriate services.
- SAFE Child Screening Tool 3 Years Old to Kindergarten: Young children are at high risk for sustaining brain injuries. Data gathered using the SAFE Child Screening Tool will provide information to help professionals develop and implement appropriate services.
- Ohio State University (OSU) TBI Screening Tool: The Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Identification Method (OSU TBI-ID) is a standardized procedure for eliciting lifetime history of TBI via a structured interview. Read the full article.
- HELPS Brain Injury Screening Tool: The original HELPS TBI screening tool was developed by M. Picard, D. Scarisbrick, R. Paluck, 9/91, International Center for the Disabled, TBI-NET, U.S. Department of Education, Rehabilitation Services Administration, Grant #H128A00022. The Helps Tool was updated by project personnel to reflect recent recommendations by the CDC on the diagnosis of TBI.
- H - Have you ever Hit your Head or been Hit on the Head?
- E - Were you ever seen in the Emergency room, hospital, or by a doctor because of an injury to your head?
- L - Did you ever Lose consciousness or experience a period of being dazed and confused because of an injury to your head?
- P - Do you experience any of these Problems in your daily life since you hit your head?
- S - Any significant Sicknesses?
TN TBI Services Directory & Resource Guide: The Tennessee Department of Health Traumatic Brain Injury Service Directory and Resource Information Guide was designed to assist in locating programs, organizations, agencies, and services available across the state of Tennessee and the nation.
TN TBI Service Coordination Program: There are currently eight Service Coordinators (view list) located in various non-profit agencies across the state. The Service Coordinator’s role is to work with persons with brain injury and their family to access current needs. The goal of service coordination is to improve the quality of life for persons with brain injury.
Service Coordination services are provided free of charge, services include:
** develops a comprehensive plan of care;
** provides referrals to available resources;
** coordinates services for individual client advocacy; and
** bridges gaps in the service delivery system.
Virtual and In-person Brain Injury Support Groups have been established across the state. To learn more about services call 1-800-882-0611.
DEAR SCHOOL STAFF: This letter offers input from a healthcare provider with experience in treating concussion, a type of traumatic brain injury. This letter was created to help school professionals and parents support students returning to school after a concussion. You can use these recommendations to make decisions about support for your student based on his or her specific needs. This letter is not intended to create a 504 Plan or an IEP unless school professionals determine that one is needed. Most students will only need short-term support as they recover from a concussion. A strong relationship between the healthcare provider, the school, and the parents will help your student recover and return to school.
Brain Health: How to Have a Healthy Brain Throughout Life: This material provides research-based tips for creating a healthy brain, regardless of age. This guide was originally developed to help people with brain injuries recover to the fullest extent possible and to help them prevent or minimize potential negative changes as they age. However, it was quickly realized that the information in Brain Health is beneficial for everyone. Available in English & Español.
A new CDC infographic shows the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and how preventing ACEs can help create neighborhoods and communities where every child thrives. This infographic showcases data from the CDC-Kaiser Permanente ACE Study and recent findings to address the following questions:
- What are ACEs?
- How common are ACEs?
- How do ACEs affect our lives?
- How do ACEs affect our society?
- What can be done about ACEs?
ACEs are potentially traumatic events in childhood (0-17 years), such as neglect and experiencing or witnessing violence. However, types of early adversity can be stopped before they start.
Safe, stable, and nurturing relationships and environments have a positive impact in creating positive childhood experiences. Their benefits can last a lifetime.
The HEADS UP to Schools: Online Concussion Training for School Professionals is designed to help classroom teachers (grades K-12), school administrators, paraprofessionals, teachers' aides, and other staff who work with students understand:
- How a concussion may affect a student’s learning, emotions, and behavior.
- How to identify and monitor signs and symptoms of concussion.
- How to help students successfully return to school and recover from a concussion.
This free training will take about 45-60 minutes to complete. It features easy-to-follow information with knowledge checks and illustrated case studies that showcase a variety of scenarios to help you apply the information presented and achieve the key learning objectives of the course.
Check out the CDC HEADS UP trainings on concussion:
- Training for coaches
- Training for healthcare providers
- Videos on concussion safety
- Graphics and infographics
CDC "HEADS UP"Athlete Fact Sheets: Specific concussion information for coaches, parents, officials, and teen athletes.
- Parents & Parent/Athlete Concussion Information Sheet
- "HEADS UP" to Youth Sports
- "HEADS UP" to School Sports
- "HEADS UP" to High School Sports: Officials
LOOKING FOR MORE INFORMATION? CHECK OUT THE HELPFUL RESOURCES TAB!
CDC’s Traumatic Brain Injury website featuring data, reports, and fact sheets.
CDC HEADS UP: Whether you are a parent, youth sports coach, school coach, school professional, or health care provider, this site will help you recognize, respond to, and minimize the risk of concussion or other serious brain injury.
Comparing Head Impacts in Youth Tackle and Flag Football. A CDC study published in Sports Health reports youth tackle football athletes ages 6 to 14 sustained 15 times more head impacts than flag football athletes during a practice or game and sustained 23 times more high-magnitude head impact (hard head impact).
Head impacts increase the risk for concussion and other serious head injuries.
Key findings from the study “Head impact exposures among youth tackle and flag American football athletesexternal icon” include:
** Youth tackle football athletes experienced a median of 378 head impacts per athlete during the season.
**Flag football athletes experienced a median of 8 eight head impacts per athlete during the season.
These findings suggest that non-contact or flag football programs may be a safer alternative for reducing head impacts and concussion risk for youth football athletes under age 14.
CDC Pediatric Mild TBI Guideline consists of 19 sets of clinical recommendations. These recommendations are designed for all healthcare providers who care for pediatric patients with this injury.
Free CDC Provider Tools:
- School Letter: Returning to School After a Concussion
- CDC Pediatric mTBI Checklist;
- At a Glance Diagnosis
- At a Glance Prognostic Recommendations
- At a Glance Management & Treatment Recommendations
CDC Report to Congress: The Management of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children: Opportunities for Action