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A concussion is an injury to the brain that is caused by an external force, such as hitting your head. It can occur during everyday activities, such as riding a bike, going on a car ride, and playing a sport, or on the playground. The signs and symptoms of a concussion can change over time and are unique to each person. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms to better monitor a child's recovery. Symptoms sometimes take a few days or weeks to become recognized.
"Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury: Information For Families" is a compilation of four brief, helpful video clips and several state and national websites. This resource can be viewed by families while at the hospital or anyone needing to better understand this injury and where to learn more. These videos are also captioned.
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are the leading cause of disability and death for children in the U.S (CDC, 2018). While not all injuries are preventable, there are some steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of concussions. The following resources and recommended guidelines to allow for safer participation in daily activities and sports. UPDATED fact sheet on TBI in the United States for public health professionals provides an overview of data, common causes of TBI, and steps you can take to prevent a TBI. Download the fact sheet.
The Return to Learn/Return to Play Concussion Management Guidelines are designed for sport and non-sport related concussions. The document includes information regarding concussions/TBIs, as well as information about returning to learn and play at home, school, and the field after a concussion.
In 2013, the state of Tennessee passed the Tennessee Sports Concussion Law designed to educate coaches, athletes, and families about concussions, remove athletes who appear to have a concussion, and require clearance by a licensed health care provider before returning to play.
The Tennessee Safe Stars initiative highlights the safety level of youth sports leagues based on policies regarding concussions, weather safety procedures, and injury education and prevention. The leagues are identified as either bronze, silver, and gold, with gold being the highest level, based on the safety standards in place.
TN Concussion Fact Sheet for Parents, created from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) materials.
Playground Safety Tips for Parents
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion
What is a Concussion? A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. Health care professionals may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be serious.
- CDC HEADS UP TO SCHOOLS
- School Nurses & Fact Sheet for School Nurses
- Concussion Signs & Symptoms Checklist
- Teachers, Counselors & School Professionals
- Parents & Parent/Athlete Concussion Information Sheet
- HEADS UP to Youth Sports
- HEADS UP to School Sports
- Specific consussion information for coaches, parents, sports officials and teen athletes
- HEADS UP to High School Sports: Officials
The CDC developed a mobile game called Rocket Blades to educate children on how concussions occur, why it is important to tell an adult if their head gets hurt, and why rest time after an injury is necessary. Click here to learn more and download the app.
HEADS UP is an initiative by the CDC with the goal of protecting children and teens by raising awareness on concussions and TBIs. HEADS UP provides materials for those who may encounter brain injuries, such as coaches, parents, sports officials, and young athletes.
Through HEADS UP to Youth Sports, the CDC provides information and materials for community sports. The CDC also offers the same resources for school sports through HEADS UP to School Sports. NEW CDC Posters: These posters spotlight the leading causes of concussion in individual sports, and steps to take to help lower the chance for concussion or other serious brain injury.
Brain Links is supported by the Administration for Community Living (ACL) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under Grant No. 90TBSG0024-01-00 and in part by the TN Department of Health, Traumatic Brain Injury Program.